Major Gynecological Problems

Did you know the strangest menstrual bleeding is due to Hormonal Imbalance? Most women are not aware of the signs of gynecological problems and are particularly uninformed of symptoms irrelevant to the reproductive organs, such as back pain and increased urination.

Here are a couple of basic Gynecological issues that each woman needs to know:-


Essentially dysmenorrhea is by far the most well-known gynecologic issue in menstruating women. It is common to the point that many women neglect to report it in medical interviews, even when their daily exercises are limited. It is usually defined as cramping pain in the lower abdomen occurring at the onset of menstruation in the absence of any recognized pelvic disease. It is distinguished from secondary dysmenorrhea, which refers to difficult menses         because of pelvic pathology, for example, endometriosis.

Dysmenorrhea refers to the symptom of painful menstruation. It can be separated further into two general classifications: primary (occurring in the absence of pelvic pathology) and secondary (resulting from identifiable organic diseases)

Primary dysmenorrhea is another name for regular menstrual cramps. Cramps normally start after one or two years after a woman starts getting her period. Pain usually starts in the lower abdomen and back. It can be mild to severe. Basic menstrual cramps start shortly before or at the onset of the period and proceed one to three days. They generally turn out to be less difficult as a women ages and may stop entirely after the women have her first child.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain brought on by a disorder in the women’s reproductive organs. These cramps usually begin in the menstrual cycle and last longer than regular menstrual issues.

Ovarian cysts    

The ovary is one of a couple of conceptive organs in ladies that are situated in the pelvis, one on every side of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs (ova) and female hormones estrogen and progesterone. The ovaries are the principle source of female hormones, which control the advancement of female body qualities, for example, the breasts, body shape, and body hair. They likewise control the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Ovarian cysts are shut, sac-like structures inside an ovary that contain a fluid, or semisolid substance. “Cyst” is simply a general term for a liquid filled structure, which might speak to a tumor or neoplasm (new growth). On the off chance that it is a tumor, it might be favorable or dangerous. The ovary is likewise alluded to as the female gonad.


Endometriosis sometimes called “endo,” is a typical wellbeing issue in women. It gets its name from the word endometrium, the tissue that ordinarily lines the uterus or womb. Endometriosis happens when this tissue becomes outside of your uterus and on different regions in your body where it doesn’t have a place.

Most often, endometriosis is found on the:

  • Ovaries
  • Fallopian tubes
  • Tissues that hold the uterus in place
  • Outer surface of the uterus

PCOD (Poly Cyst Ovarian Disease)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder, affecting 5-10% of women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS have a number of conditions that may include irregular menstrual cycles, an increase in facial and body hair, increased weight, hyperinsulinemia, and infertility. Diagnosis is made on the basis of a combination of clinical, laboratory and ultrasound findings. Women with PCOS are at a greater risk of complications during pregnancy, including Miscarriage, Diabetes (Gestational Diabetes), Preterm Birth, and increased Fetal and Neonatal Death.


Dr. Keya Rahul Shivadey

Gynaecology/obstetrics, Aster Clinics



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