Gut Bacteria

All you need to know about Helicbacter Pylori (Bacteria in the stomach)

  • What is Helicbacter pylori?

Helicbacter Pylori, commonly known as H.pylori is a bacteria which lives in our stomach. It’s not a rare infection and almost half of the world population is infected with the H.pylori bacteria. Usually the infection occurs in childhood.

  • What are the symptoms of this bacterial infection?

Surprisingly, most people with H. pylori infection never experience any signs or symptoms. However, in cases when depictive signs or symptoms do occur with H. pylori infection, they may include;

  1. An ache or burning pain in the abdomen
  2. Abdominal pain that’s worsens when the stomach is empty
  3. Nausea
  4. Loss of appetite
  5. Frequent burping
  6. Bloating
  7. Unintentional weight loss
  • How does one contract the infection?

The risk factors for developing the infection are;

  1. Living in crowded conditions
  2. Living without a reliable supply of clean water
  3. Living in a developing country
  4. Living with someone who has an H. pylori infection.


  • What are the complications of this Infection?

Ulcers – H. pylori can damage the protective lining of your stomach and small intestine. This can allow the stomach acid to create an open sore or ulcer. About 10% of people with H. pylori will develop an ulcer.

Inflammation of the stomach lining – H. pylori infection can irritate your stomach, causing inflammation (gastritis).

Stomach cancer – The infection is a strong risk factor for certain types of stomach cancer.


  • How is the condition diagnosis and treated?

The bacterial infection can be easily diagnosed through a blood test, breath test or stool test. Treatment is usually a combination of antibiotics for at least two weeks duration.



Gastroenterologist in International City



Dr. Prakash Shankar,

Specialist Gastroenterologist

Aster Speciality Clinic, International  City


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