بقلم: الدكتور مطوسي أودهيا

ما هي الأكواليكس؟

حقن الأكواليكس هي إحدى الحلول القادرة على إذابة الدهون تحت الجلد المقاومة للنظام الغذائي والتمارين الرياضية. تحتوي هذه الحقنة على مادة تسمى حمض ديوكسي كوليك التي توجد في الأملاح الصفراوية في جسم الإنسان، وهي المسؤولة عن هضم الدهون. تُعد الأكواليكس نوعاً من الحقن التي تعمل على تحلل الدهون وإذابتها.

أين يمكن استخدامها؟

تُستخدم هذه الحقن لإذابة الدهون المتراكمة في الظهر والذقن والبطن والذراعين وتحت الأرداف والوركين والفخذين والركبتين. ويمكن أيضاً أن تُستخدم لعلاج تضخم الثدي عند الذكور، وهو تطوُّر الأنسجة الدهنية حول الحلمة، مما يؤدي إلى ظهور “التثدي” عند الرجال، (ويمكن أن يتضخم الثدي نتيجة ترسب الدهون فقط بدلاً من نمو أنسجة الثدي الفعلية كما نلاحظ في التثدي الحقيقي للذكور).

السلامة

الحقنة آمنة للغاية مع وجود بعض الآثار الجانبية التي لاحظها أطباء على مستوى عالٍ من التدريب.

موانع الاستعمال

  • لا يُنصح بأكواليكس للنساء الحوامل أو أثناء الرضاعة الطبيعية.
  • لا يُنصح به لمرضى الحثل الشحمي أو الأشخاص الذين يعانون من أي ظروف مرضية.
  • ينبغي أن يستخدم هذا العلاج الأشخاص الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 18 – 60 عاماً فقط.
  • لا يُنصح بها لمرضى السكري، حيث إنها تحتوي على نسبة من السكر.
  • يجب على المرضى الذين يعانون من أمراض المناعة الذاتية مثل تصلب الجلد عدم استخدام هذه الحقنة.
  • يجب عدم معالجة المرضى الذين يعانون من أمراض الكبد الحاد بحقن الأكواليكس، حيث إن إذابة الدهون الزائدة يمكن أن تُرهق الكبد.
  • أي مريض يُعاني من حساسية ضد أي مكون من مكونات الأكواليكس يجب ألا يستخدم الأكواليكس.
  • من المؤكد أن المرضى الذين يتناولون أدوية منع تجلط الدم وخاصة الوارفارين، لا ينصح لهم بهذا العلاج بسبب خطر الإصابة بكدمات حادة.
  • لا ينصح للمرضى الذين يعانون من مرض الكلى بهذا العلاج.
  • مرضى السمنة المفرطة لا ينصح لهم باستخدام هذا العلاج أيضاً.

(more…)

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Breast cancer early detection

Ways to detect Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a form of cancer that develops from the breast tissue. It is mostly found in women, however, can be diagnosed in men too.

Know symptoms and signs of breast cancer include:

  • Nipple discharge or retraction of the nipple
  • Enlargement of one breast, dimpling of the breast surface
  • An “orange peel” texture to the skin
  • Unintentional weight loss and bone pain
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit
  • Visible veins on the breast.

The risk factors for developing breast cancer include obesity due to a lack of physical exercise, drinking alcohol, hormone replacement, therapy during menopause, early age at first menstruation, having children late or not at all and family history.

(more…)

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Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic Pregnancy

There is a very important medical condition which any women can suffer, whoever has the ability to get pregnant. And this condition is Ectopic Pregnancy.

Ectopic Pregnancy is when the pregnancy does not occur inside the uterus but instead, it stays outside the uterus and the percentage is around 1-2%. When a woman gets pregnant, she has about 98-99% chances that her pregnancy will go and develop inside the uterus. But there are women who can have a pregnancy outside the uterus. There are just about 1 to 2 % who can suffer from this situation. (more…)

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Go Low and Take it Slow

What level of sodium becomes injurious to women health?

It is mostly agreed that Sodium is an essential mineral for the body, we all need the daily recommended amount of sodium for a proper functioning of our body like maintaining blood pressure, maintaining a level of body fluids etc. The normal level for blood sodium is 145 mEg/L. Sodium levels higher than this may cause Hypernatremia, a condition that causes symptoms such as confusion, Hyperreflexia, seizures, coma and Neuromuscular excitability. The recommended dietary allowance of sodium for adults in 500mg and not more than 2300 mg per day and between 120-400mg per day for children.

Sodium content in drinking water is not usually a major health concern unless the person suffers from any condition that requires them to restrict the sodium intake. Drinking water may contribute to 10% of an individual’s total sodium intake.

Everything is good when consumed in moderation and sodium intake is no exception. Sodium if consumed in excess quantities may be a contributor to many diseases, particularly for people suffering from chronic conditions like Hypertension. It has been said that sodium in drinking water causes elevation of blood pressure, although it is still not proven. Even in women, high dietary sodium intake can cause cardiovascular diseases and add the same through the intake of water can increase the risk. Increased intake of water high in sodium content during pregnancy can harm the infant.

 

What kind of issues they can face if they are drinking high sodium water?

Excess sodium consumption will lead to the excess availability of sodium in the blood which leads to restrained blood vessels. This will, in turn, cause the cardiac muscles to thicken which can cause increased risk of hypertension, stroke and CCF (congestive cardiac failure).

Otherwise generally sodium content in drinking water does not pose as much a risk because there are regulations for the level of sodium content in bottled waters and that amount may not necessarily cause adverse effects on the health of an individual unless one is on a sodium free diet.

 

How precautions woman in Dubai should take?

Sodium content in water is close to negligible, high content of sodium is definitely not good and will harm the body, hence when worrying about excess sodium content, one should think of the sodium content in the food consumed than the water. Because of the hot weather in Dubai, a lot of people generally get dehydrated, hence the amount of water consumed may not be possible to limit but what can be done is reducing the sodium intake in food. Precautionary measures to reduce sodium intake is eating a lot more of fresh food, opting for ‘low sodium’ products, excluding salt from recipes whenever possible, limiting the use of sodium laden condiments like soy sauce, salad dressings, sauces, dips, mustard etc. Instead of more spices and herbs must be used to season the food, salt substitutes should also be used wisely.

Dr.Keya Rahul Shivadey

Specialist Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 

Aster Clinic, Business Bay 

Dr Keya

News Source – http://www.thenational.ae/uae/uae-doctors-urge-residents-to-monitor-sodium-content-in-drinking-water

The National - 31st Dec-min

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Three Things You Really Need to Know About the Maternity Leave

Planning to take maternity leave? It may not be exactly what you think — or hope — it is if you live in the UAE. Here are some tips to bust your queries.

The government recently announced that a committee has been set up to review UAE maternity leave.

What are the current rules for UAE maternity leave?

Private companies in the UAE currently offer some of the lowest levels of maternity leave in the world. Compared to The International Labour Organisation’s recommendation that mothers take a minimum of 14 weeks off work, the UAE currently offers women around 6 weeks maternity leave.

This differs depending on a few factors:

Women in the private sector

According to UAE law, all women employed in the private sector are entitled to 45 days maternity leave if they have worked for their current company for more than 12 months, this includes both pre and postnatal periods. Women who have worked for a company for less than a year, however, are only entitled to 45 days with half-pay during a leave.

Women working in DIFC

Women working in Dubai International Financial District (DIFC) are entitled to a slightly different deal, under the free zone’s rules they are allowed a total of 65 days maternity leave, including 32 days on half-pay and 33 days on full pay.

Women working in the public sector

Women working in the government sector are entitled to 60 days paid leave and 100 days unpaid leave.

 

So what’s changing?

The biggest change is the creation of a new committee in the month of November 2016, to review all aspects of the UAE’s current Maternity Law. It is still not clear whether the committee will advise the government to increase maternity leave in the country, however, the fact the government is having a conversation about maternity rights is a positive step towards any possible reform.

 

Are there any other changes we can expect?

Although it is not certain which (if any) changes will be implemented, His Highness Shaikh Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai has made it clear that improving gender equality is set to be a key government focus. Earlier last year he set up the UAE Gender Balance Council, which is currently reviewing several aspects that affect female employees, including flexible work hours, support for women at work and improving overall gender balance.

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