What is Botox?

Botox is a purified protein derived from the process of bacterial fermentation. It has been used in cosmetic dermatology for the last 40 years. It is extremely safe and effective for facial enhancement especially of the upper face. Many people have the misconception that botox is a toxin and hence, harmful to the body. However, Botox has been used in many medical conditions like muscle spasticity, strabismus, migraine at much higher doses and has been found to be extremely safe. The product has been used in the market for the last 40 years in the form of millions of injections, and it has a high satisfaction rate

Indications

In today’s hectic lifestyle with added stress and pollution, wrinkles start appearing on the face at a very early age. On the upper face, these take the shape of Forehead lines, Frown lines and Crows Feet. The horizontal lines on the forehead are called worry lines which give a very tired and anxious look to the face. Frown lines appear between the eyebrows and give an angry look, while crows feet appear on the side of the eyes and give an aged look. All these three conditions can be treated effectively by the use of Botox. The procedure is tailored to suit the requirement of the individual patients.

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Do You Know About Peri-Menopause?

Most women are aware of menopause, however, there is also a phase before menopause, called the peri-menopause which is a rather significant but lesser known phase.

This is not a disease and must not be considered one. Peri-menopause and menopause are few of the very few certain changes that every woman experiences, hence giving them a chance to prepare for it.  This transition phase lasts until a woman completely enters into menopause.

So what is peri-menopause? Perimenopause is a transitional stage in a woman’s reproductive age that begins roughly around 4-5 years before menopause. Peri-menopause is a gradual and normal process, the number of years may vary in different women, in some women, the stage may last only a few months and in others, it could continue for more than 5 years.

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Facts about Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) encompasses a vast array of psychological symptoms such as depression, anxiety, irritability, loss of confidence and mood swings. There are also physical symptoms, typically bloatedness and breast pain. It is the timing, rather than the types of symptoms, and the degree of impact on a woman’s daily activity that supports a diagnosis of PMS.

Four in ten women (40%) experience symptoms of PMS and of these 5% – 8% suffer from severe PMS. Although the cause remains uncertain, it is assumed that some women are ‘sensitive’ to progesterone and progestogens. The second theory implicates the neurotransmitters serotonin and c-aminobutyric acid (GABA), in causing PMS symptoms. Reducing salt, caffeine, and stress along with increasing exercise is typically all that is recommended in those with mild symptoms. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation may be useful in some. Anti-inflammatory drugs may help with physical symptoms.  In those with more severe symptoms, birth control pills may be useful.

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Defeating Diabetes

The International Diabetes Federation states that 415 million people globally have diabetes. As per research conducted by the International Diabetes Federation, 19.3% of the population in UAE are living with Diabetes. [1]

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which a person has high blood sugar caused by discrepancies in producing sufficient insulin. It is a serious chronic condition caused when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and is responsible for regulating and maintaining the blood sugar levels in the normal range. Insulin deficiency causes an imbalance in the blood sugar levels, raising it to higher than normal levels, resulting in Diabetes.

Every year, the 14th of November is recognized as World Diabetes Day, in order to spread the word about diabetes and its health consequences of being left untreated and ineffectively managed. World Diabetes Day 2017 goes to the theme Women and Diabetes – Our right to a healthy future.

Half of the people affected by diabetes globally are women. The burden of diabetes on women is unique because it can affect a woman and her unborn child. There are majorly 2 types of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the pancreas considering it to be a foreign body. The pancreas stop functioning and there is no insulin production, hence causing the buildup on sugar levels in the blood. Type 2 diabetes generally develops after the age of 35 and is caused when the body doesn’t develop sufficient insulin or becomes insulin resistant.  Women, however also suffer from a condition called as Gestational Diabetes.

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Living with PCOS

PCOS is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age, often complicated by chronic anovulatory infertility and hyperandrogenism with the clinical manifestations of oligomenorrhoea, hirsutism, and acne.  Many women with this condition are obese and have a higher prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance, type II diabetes and sleep apnoea than is observed in the general population. They exhibit an adverse cardiovascular risk profile, as suggested by a higher reported incidence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, visceral obesity, insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. PCOS is frequently diagnosed by gynecologists and it is therefore important that there is a good understanding of the long-term implications of the diagnosis in order to offer a holistic approach to the disorder.

Counselling :

Women should be made aware of the long-term implications of their condition, including their cardiovascular risk, by their doctor, in a way that is tailored to their individual circumstances. Women should be made aware of the positive effect of lifestyle modification, including weight loss, for improving their symptoms. Especially those women who are overweight or obese.

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