Go Low and Take it Slow

What level of sodium becomes injurious to women health?

It is mostly agreed that Sodium is an essential mineral for the body, we all need the daily recommended amount of sodium for a proper functioning of our body like maintaining blood pressure, maintaining a level of body fluids etc. The normal level for blood sodium is 145 mEg/L. Sodium levels higher than this may cause Hypernatremia, a condition that causes symptoms such as confusion, Hyperreflexia, seizures, coma and Neuromuscular excitability. The recommended dietary allowance of sodium for adults in 500mg and not more than 2300 mg per day and between 120-400mg per day for children.

Sodium content in drinking water is not usually a major health concern unless the person suffers from any condition that requires them to restrict the sodium intake. Drinking water may contribute to 10% of an individual’s total sodium intake.

Everything is good when consumed in moderation and sodium intake is no exception. Sodium if consumed in excess quantities may be a contributor to many diseases, particularly for people suffering from chronic conditions like Hypertension. It has been said that sodium in drinking water causes elevation of blood pressure, although it is still not proven. Even in women, high dietary sodium intake can cause cardiovascular diseases and add the same through the intake of water can increase the risk. Increased intake of water high in sodium content during pregnancy can harm the infant.

 

What kind of issues they can face if they are drinking high sodium water?

Excess sodium consumption will lead to the excess availability of sodium in the blood which leads to restrained blood vessels. This will, in turn, cause the cardiac muscles to thicken which can cause increased risk of hypertension, stroke and CCF (congestive cardiac failure).

Otherwise generally sodium content in drinking water does not pose as much a risk because there are regulations for the level of sodium content in bottled waters and that amount may not necessarily cause adverse effects on the health of an individual unless one is on a sodium free diet.

 

How precautions woman in Dubai should take?

Sodium content in water is close to negligible, high content of sodium is definitely not good and will harm the body, hence when worrying about excess sodium content, one should think of the sodium content in the food consumed than the water. Because of the hot weather in Dubai, a lot of people generally get dehydrated, hence the amount of water consumed may not be possible to limit but what can be done is reducing the sodium intake in food. Precautionary measures to reduce sodium intake is eating a lot more of fresh food, opting for ‘low sodium’ products, excluding salt from recipes whenever possible, limiting the use of sodium laden condiments like soy sauce, salad dressings, sauces, dips, mustard etc. Instead of more spices and herbs must be used to season the food, salt substitutes should also be used wisely.

Dr.Keya Rahul Shivadey

Specialist Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 

Aster Clinic, Business Bay 

Dr Keya

News Source – http://www.thenational.ae/uae/uae-doctors-urge-residents-to-monitor-sodium-content-in-drinking-water

The National - 31st Dec-min

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Infections and their Prevention

What is an Infection?

An infection is an invasion of an organism’s body tissue by disease causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of the host tissues to these organisms and the toxins that they produce.

Infectious diseases, also known as transmissible diseases or communicable diseases, are illnesses resulting from an infection. Despite there being a variety of medicines present to treat the different form of infections; infectious diseases have resulted in the death of more people worldwide than any other single cause.

Causes of an Infection:

An infection is caused when a person is exposed to infectious agents. This exposure may occur directly, through the touching, eating, drinking or breathing of a germ covered substance. Or indirectly, when an agent is transmitted through an insect or animal bite. Listed below are the different types of infectious agents:

  • Bacteria. These single celled organisms multiply quickly and are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections, and tuberculosis.
  • Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses can cause a multitude of infectious diseases — ranging from the common cold to AIDS. A virus spreads an infection because of its ability to use host’s cells to multiply.
  • Fungi: Are biologically primitive plants that cause diseases such as ringworm and athlete’s foot.
  • Are single celled organisms that may be transmitted through a host of avenues, the most common being through the bite of an insect?

 

Symptoms of an Infection

 Each infectious disease has its own set of signs and symptoms that may manifest themselves mildly or severely, depending on the immunity of the person who is infected. However, there are general signs and symptoms common to a number of infections which include, but are not limited to:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • Coughing

 

Infection Prevention:

Getting an infection can be a painful and tedious process, resulting in one’s ill health and an inability to perform even simple everyday tasks. Despite the ease with which agents are spread, and the detrimental effect that they can have on a person’s health, there are ways in which you can keep yourself germ free. A series of simple steps, when performed habitually can not only reduce your chances of getting an infection; but also prevent you from spreading one as an asymptomatic carrier.

  • Washing your hands. This is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating, and after using the toilet.
  • Getting vaccinated. Immunization can drastically reduce your chances of contracting many diseases. Make sure to keep up to date on your recommended vaccinations, as well as your children’s.
  • Staying home when ill. Don’t go to work if you are vomiting, have diarrhea or have a fever. Don’t send your child to school if he or she has these signs and symptoms, either.
  • Preparing food safely.Keep counters and other kitchen surfaces clean when preparing meals. Cook foods to the proper temperature using a food thermometer to check for doneness. For ground meats, that means at least 71 C (160 F); for poultry, 74 C (165 F); and for most other meat, at least 63 C (145 F).
  • Not sharing personal items. Use your own toothbrush, comb, and razor. Avoid sharing drinking glasses or dining utensils.
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