The role of Vitamin D in preserving health

Vitamin D is part of a group of fat-soluble vitamins which can be obtained from a few foods, sunlight and supplements. The main role of Vitamin D is to assist in the metabolism of Calcium and Phosphorus and also in mineralization of bones. Till now, different forms of Vitamin D have been discovered, namely Vitamin D1, D2, D3, D4 and D5 respectively.

Vitamin D Deficiency – Reduced dietary intake or inadequate exposure to sunlight can lead to a deficiency of Vitamin D in the human body. Some studies have defined deficiency as a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level of less than 20 ng per mL (50 nmol per L), and insufficiency is defined as a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level of 20 to 30 ng per mL (50 to 75 nmol per L). In case of insufficient Vitamin D levels, 25 hydroxy- cholecalciferol was brought to the kidney and thus the kidneys cannot respond naturally and they fail to connect with blood calcium. The levels of calcium phosphate crystals begin getting low and hence form less soft tissue in the body. Less calcium from the circulation also creates the bone releasing all available calcium, for normality of blood calcium level. The bones, as a result, turn soft and bendable. Calcium in the bone activates the action of the osteoclasts and works as a synthesizer to the bone as well. But Vitamin D deficiency can cause dematerialization the bone. Some significant symptoms are bone pain & soft bones, frequent bone fractures, bone deformities or growth retardation in children.

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Body Mechanics and Posture

Body mechanics is a term used to describe the ways we move as we go about our daily lives. It includes how we hold our bodies when we sit, stand, lift, carry, bend, and sleep. Poor body mechanics are often the cause of back problems. When we don’t move correctly and safely, the spine is subjected to abnormal stresses that over time can lead to degeneration of spinal structures like discs and joints, injury, and unnecessary wear and tear.

Standing
Millions of people spend a good deal of their time on their feet. Standing work, including bending, lifting, carrying and reaching can be tough on the back – especially if proper body mechanics are not being used. Use the following guidelines to minimize the risk of injury to your back when working while standing.

  • Avoid standing in one position for prolonged periods of time. Change your position as often as you can. This will not only help relieve stress on your spine, it also helps increase circulation and decrease muscle fatigue. When you can, stretch. Gentle stretching exercises during a break can help ease muscle tightness.
  • Make sure the surface you are standing on is firm and level.
  • If possible, lean on a solid support. This can help reduce fatigue during long periods of standing.

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Ergonomic injuries

Ergonomic Injuries

1) What are ergonomic injuries and how are they caused?

Most people these days have desk jobs that require them to be seated at their desks for 8-10 hours straight. People often fail to realize how much havoc a simple desk job can create in their life. People tend to disregard a lot of simple symptoms by confusing them with symptoms of other conditions and fail to realize that they could be caused by seemingly harmless factors like sitting on a chair for prolonged hours. A lot of health conditions have been said to be caused because of sitting for prolonged hours. Ergonomic injuries affect the muscles, spinal disc, nerves, ligaments, joints etc. Hinged back, back pain, pain in the wrist, stiff neck and shoulder aches are a few of the most common health issues seen due to poor seating posture and continued sitting.

The most commonly suffered ergonomic injuries are;

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orthopedic

What is Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)?

In the ever-changing field of medicine, newer inventions and orthopedic techniques have enabled us to perform better and faster with each passing day. Whether it be the medicines or the implants we use, the focus is always on returning the patient to their pre-disease status at the earliest. In this aspect, mention must be made about the vast recent advances made in the field of Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS). The objective of MIS is to perform complex and highly demanding surgeries through the smallest incisions possible thereby decreasing the immediate post-operative, as well as the long-term morbidity of the surgery significantly. Just like all other branches of modern surgery, trauma surgery too, has put MIS techniques to fruitful use.

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Back Pain: The other side of Back of School

The gradual increase of weight of the school bags can have a long-term effect on the children’s health and well-being. 

Every bone in our body has a growth point and it grows as per age. Skeleton is under-development during the growth years in children; therefore, carrying huge weight on their backs, even for a short time can expose them to greater risk of stunned or abnormal growth.

Some potential problems which result due to regular carrying of heavy bags are physiological and compensatory Scoliosis (curvature of the spine) and hunchback deformity or even Trapezitis. Trapezius is a muscle at the back of the neck which helps in shrugging movement of the shoulders along with upward movement of the head. Regular weight handling and bad posture can cause inflammation and muscle spasm in this muscle, which is known as Trapezitis.

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