Hyperlipidemia is one of the major preventable cardiovascular risk factors and refers to increased levels of lipids (fats), such as cholesterol and triglycerides, in the blood.
Although hyperlipidemia does not cause symptoms, it can significantly increase your risk of developing cardiovascular disease, including diseases of blood vessels supplying the heart (coronary artery disease), brain (cerebrovascular disease), and limbs (peripheral vascular disease). These conditions can, in turn, lead to chest pain, heart attacks, strokes, and other problems. Because of these risks, treatment is often recommended for people with hyperlipidemia.
OTHER RISK FACTORS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
In addition to hyperlipidemia, there are a number of other factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and its complications:
- Diabetes mellitus, type 1 and 2
- Hypertension (people with hypertension include those with a blood pressure at or above 140/90 and those who use blood pressure medication
- Kidney disease
- Cigarette smoking
- Family history of coronary disease at a young age in a parent or sibling (young, in this case, means younger than 55 years for men and younger than 65 years for women)
- Gender: Men have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than women at every age
- Age: There is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease with increasing age