The Need for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

A normal coronary artery is responsible for transferring blood to the cardiac muscles. Damage or disease can lead to the deposition of plaque on its inner wall, which solidifies over time and obstructs the passage of blood. Hence, the heart muscle doesn’t get adequate blood. Coronary disease (i.e., blockage in coronary arteries) usually present with symptoms of Angina (chest pain) and breathlessness.

The line of treatment depends upon the percentage and the number of coronary arteries that are blocked. If the blockage is less than 70%, then medical management i.e., by medicine and lifestyle modification is advised. Non-surgical PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention i.e., coronary stent) is done when the blockage is more than 70% and present in one or two coronary arteries.

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The Management of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), where your arteries harden, blood flow is disrupted, and heart muscles weaken, is a concerning, potentially fatal disease. That’s why it doesn’t come as a surprise that doctors are regularly asked if it is possible to cure CAD. The answer you’ll get from most cardiologists in Dubai confirms that heart conditions can’t be cured per se, much like diabetes, or hypertension. They can, however, be managed and controlled.

CAD is a condition that can be effectively managed with the help of lifestyle changes and by minimizing risk factors. Dean Ornish, Founder, President, and MD, Preventive Medicine Research Institute, has written a book in which he elaborates on the patients with CAD who were in line for a heart transplant but who enrolled in the Ornish program and were able to reverse the damage to their heart to a great extent. What does that tell you? It’s evidence that the risk factors for coronary conditions are modifiable. For instance, you can control diabetes, keep your cholesterol under the threshold, and it’ll help prevent the heart condition from worsening.

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The Causes of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is mostly the result of circumstances which hinder the adequate supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart by disrupting the blood flow. There’s a network of arteries surrounding your heart. Over the years, because of factors including diseases, plaque build-up, or damage, these arteries get narrowed, making it difficult for blood to pass through in the required amount, thus leading to a lack of blood in the heart, followed by chest pains, shortness of breath, and other similar symptoms.

It can be challenging to diagnose Coronary Artery Disease because it develops over many years and begins depicting symptoms very slowly. In fact, in many cases, the patients come to know of their CAD diagnosis only after they’ve had a heart attack.

The most prominent cause of coronary artery disease is Atherosclerosis, say cardiology doctors in Abu Dhabi.

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Tips To Maintaining Good Health

We have all heard the phrase ‘Health is Wealth’, but how often do we take this seriously? All of us at some point or the other have taken our health for granted. Only when our health begins to deteriorate do we realize how long we spent leading it to that stage, despite knowing that our actions would lead to severe consequences.

Being healthy does not mean just looking thin or fit. An individual is healthy only if he is physically and mentally healthy.

  1. Physical Health:

Physical health is majorly related to what keeps the body functioning effectively, it depicts the external well-being of an individual.

  • The importance of consuming a healthy balanced diet is enough stressed upon already. A balanced diet is one comprising of essential fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meat, and dairy.
  • Avoid junk food completely. Indulging and giving into your cravings is acceptable once in a while. However, it is recommended to cut off completely from oily, fried and fatty foods.
  • Do not follow fad diets and avoid eating the essential nutrients your body requires. A balanced meal is one that contains essential elements from all food groups. Most people tend to believe that carbohydrates are fattening and avoid them completely. It is important to know the difference between good carbs and bad carbs and consult with a dietician who would best recommend a suitable diet.

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FAQ About Tuberculosis

  1. What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis, commonly known as TB is an infectious disease affecting the lungs. It is an airborne disease caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is classified into two; Latent TB & Active TB

In latent TB, the bacteria remain inactive in the body, causing no symptoms. In such cases, the condition is not contagious, although the bacteria can become active at a later stage.

Active TB is the commonly known form of TB in which the bacteria infect the lungs and begins to depict communicable symptoms.

TB mainly affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body including the brain and kidney.

 

  1. What are the symptoms of Tuberculosis?

The most commonly observed symptoms of Tuberculosis are;

  • A persistent cough
  • Constant fatigue
  • Coughing blood
  • Loss of appetite followed by weight loss
  • Fever
  • Pain in the chest
  • Night Sweats

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