Don’t take Obesity lightly

A 2016 health survey conducted by the Dubai Health Authority stated that 36.1% of the total population was considered to be in the pre-obesity stage, i.e. they were overweight and nearing obesity unless the necessary actions were taken. And 11.9% of the total population included obese individuals.[1]

Obesity is a growing health concern across the world, causing various chronic health conditions and reducing people’s life expectancy. Obesity and being overweight are terms used to describe weight that is generally unhealthy for a given age and height.

As defined by the WHO, obesity is abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Excessive fat accumulation is caused by a combination of factors including, genetics, high-calorie intake, lack of exercise, sedentary lifestyle practices etc. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI) – a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of their height (in meters). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese, while a person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight. Obesity is now a growing phenomenon across the globe and is directly linked to causing some of the preventable chronic diseases like diabetes, blood pressure, knee and joint problems, stroke, conditions of the heart, as well as certain cancers.

So why are people in Dubai becoming obese? Genetic and cultural factors do play a role in determining an individual’s chance of becoming obese, however, most people blame it on their sedentary lifestyles, long working hours, unhealthy food practices, lack of physical activity, and easily available fast food options. We all give these excuses, but do we realize that we are letting these factors get in the way of good health. Are these really the causative factors for obesity?

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Everything you wanted to know about Breast Cancer

On an average 1 in 8 women suffer from the risk of developing breast cancer in their lifetime. The World Health Organization states that breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide.[1] In the UAE alone, breast cancer is one the top 5 cancers, and the leading cause of deaths caused by cancer.

Breast cancer is most commonly found in women over 40 years of age. However, the condition may also be caused in younger girls/teens, although the incidence is rather low. Women at different ages suffer from the risk of developing the condition and are differentiated based on various risk factors.

For a long time, the topic of breast cancer has been considered taboo and women often shy away from talking about it. In order to create awareness about breast cancer and bust common myths surrounding the condition, listed below are a few frequently asked questions and commonly misunderstood facts about breast cancer.

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Root Canal Treatments

The structure of a tooth broadly consists of two parts, the crown, and the root. The crown is that part of the tooth which we can see in our mouth and the root is that part of the tooth which we cannot see and is deep inside the jawbone, holding the tooth firmly in place.

Structurally the upper layer of the tooth is called the enamel, the second layer the dentin and the third layer is the soft tissue in the core which consists of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue, and is called the pulp.

root canal treatment 1

When the pulp is diseased and cannot repair itself, it dies. The cause of the pulp disease could be a deep tooth decay, repeated dental procedures on the same tooth, traumatic damage to the tooth, a gum disease necessitating root canal treatment (RCT), or Endodontic treatment. “Endo” in Greek meaning inside and “Odont” meaning tooth.

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Restless Leg Syndrome

Do you feel a strange sensation in your leg or the urge to kick or flail your legs at night, resulting in you either waking up or your sleep getting disturbed?

If yes, then you might be suffering from a neurological disorder called ‘Restless Legs Syndrome’ or RLS.

The causes of RLS can be divided into the following categories:

  • Idiopathic (Without any specific cause)
  • Familial (May run in some families)
  • “Iron deficiency anemia,” in which there is too little iron in the blood
  • Other medical conditions like kidney disease, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis.
  • Pregnancy

What are the symptoms of RLS? — People who have RLS get an uncomfortable urge to move their legs when they are at rest. They describe the feeling as crawling, creeping, pulling, or itching. And they say the feeling is deep in the legs – not on the skin – usually below the knees. These symptoms usually get worse as the day moves on, and they are worst at night. The only way that the sensation goes away is when people kick or move their legs. Some people with RLS find that their legs move on their own while they are asleep.

In short, the symptoms of RLS include:

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Hepatitis B – Its causes and effects

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide problem and can cause acute hepatitis, acute liver failure, chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and liver cancer. As WHO marks its third annual World Hepatitis Day, it said about two billion people worldwide have been infected with hepatitis B since its discovery and about 600,000 people die every year as a result of the infection.

In recent years the UAE has made moves to relax rules surrounding medical tests for those seeking work permits.

This means that mandatory tests for hepatitis C no longer exist and visa screening and deportation for hepatitis B only applies to certain professions.

It was in 2010 that the Ministry of Health announced an overhaul of the residency medical law.

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