Hyperlipidemia and the risk of cardiovascular disease

Hyperlipidemia is one of the major preventable cardiovascular risk factors and refers to increased levels of lipids (fats), such as cholesterol and triglycerides, in the blood.

Although hyperlipidemia does not cause symptoms, it can significantly increase your risk of developing cardiovascular disease, including diseases of blood vessels supplying the heart (coronary artery disease), brain (cerebrovascular disease), and limbs (peripheral vascular disease). These conditions can, in turn, lead to chest pain, heart attacks, strokes, and other problems. Because of these risks, treatment is often recommended for people with hyperlipidemia.

 

OTHER RISK FACTORS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

In addition to hyperlipidemia, there are a number of other factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and its complications:

  • Diabetes mellitus, type 1 and 2
  • Hypertension (people with hypertension include those with a blood pressure at or above 140/90 and those who use blood pressure medication
  • Kidney disease
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Family history of coronary disease at a young age in a parent or sibling (young, in this case, means younger than 55 years for men and younger than 65 years for women)
  • Gender: Men have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than women at every age
  • Age: There is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease with increasing age

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Take Your Health to Heart – World Heart Day ’17

The heart is at the heart of your health and it deserves care. Cardiovascular conditions are the most common causes of deaths worldwide. In the UAE alone, over 500 babies are born every year suffering from heart conditions. Studies have shown that cardiovascular conditions amount to the biggest number of deaths in Dubai, with around 30% to 70% of people suffering from some form of heart disease. These are alarming statistics just go to show the lack of awareness among people about their heart.

Dubai is home to a lot of people working under stressful conditions, leading unhealthy lifestyles by eating unhealthy food high in fat and cholesterol and eating at the wrong times. Cardiac conditions are on the rise today even among the younger population.  Residents in the UAE are in fact, much more susceptible to heart conditions from a very young age.

The risk of heart conditions in the UAE is alarming because of the unhealthy lifestyle people lead here. Moreover a lot of times people do not take into consideration their ways of leading life disregarding the fact that it is their life at risk. Unhealthy lifestyles cause various health conditions and negatively impact life in various ways. The majority of the people here lead sedentary lifestyles and are engaged in a job that requires them to be seated in front of a screen for hours. However, people despite knowing the same are ignorant towards their health.

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The effect of Ramadan on Cardiac Patients

Ramadan is an ideal platform to target year long lifestyle modification, to ensure that whatever health care benefits have been gained during this month, are perpetuated.

Patients with stable Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) can observe fasting during Ramadan without anticipating any major adverse cardiac events while those with unstable disease or recent/pending revascularization should largely refrain from fasting. Previous studies have shown that neither has there been an increase in the incidences of acute myocardial infarction nor has there been an increase in the number of patients hospitalized due to heart failure, during Ramadan.

A fairly small group of patients with cardiac conditions should be advised to refrain from fasting during Ramadan. These include patients with acute cardiac illnesses like Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Patients with uncontrolled HTN requiring multiple dosages during the daytime should be counseled against fasting. Patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF) requiring high doses of diuretics should also refrain from fasting.

Patients are encouraged to seek medical advice 1 or 2 months before Ramadan in order to adjust their medications if needed. Drugs given thrice daily can be usually changed to single sustained doses.

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Heart Failure: A guideline to optimizing care

Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome resulting from the structural or functional impairment of the ventricular filling or the ejection of blood. Approximately 1% to 2% of adults in developed countries are affected by HF. The risk of HF increases with age, and HF is thought to affect over 10% of adults above 70 years of age. Though common cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia are all prevalent in patients with HF, hypertension is an important cause of HF. Common symptoms of HF include dyspnea, orthopnea, acute pulmonary edema, chest pain, tachycardia, fatigue, weight loss, nausea, and wheezing.

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