The Need for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

A normal coronary artery is responsible for transferring blood to the cardiac muscles. Damage or disease can lead to the deposition of plaque on its inner wall, which solidifies over time and obstructs the passage of blood. Hence, the heart muscle doesn’t get adequate blood. Coronary disease (i.e., blockage in coronary arteries) usually present with symptoms of Angina (chest pain) and breathlessness.

The line of treatment depends upon the percentage and the number of coronary arteries that are blocked. If the blockage is less than 70%, then medical management i.e., by medicine and lifestyle modification is advised. Non-surgical PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention i.e., coronary stent) is done when the blockage is more than 70% and present in one or two coronary arteries.

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The Management of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), where your arteries harden, blood flow is disrupted, and heart muscles weaken, is a concerning, potentially fatal disease. That’s why it doesn’t come as a surprise that doctors are regularly asked if it is possible to cure CAD. The answer you’ll get from most cardiologists in Dubai confirms that heart conditions can’t be cured per se, much like diabetes, or hypertension. They can, however, be managed and controlled.

CAD is a condition that can be effectively managed with the help of lifestyle changes and by minimizing risk factors. Dean Ornish, Founder, President, and MD, Preventive Medicine Research Institute, has written a book in which he elaborates on the patients with CAD who were in line for a heart transplant but who enrolled in the Ornish program and were able to reverse the damage to their heart to a great extent. What does that tell you? It’s evidence that the risk factors for coronary conditions are modifiable. For instance, you can control diabetes, keep your cholesterol under the threshold, and it’ll help prevent the heart condition from worsening.

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The Causes of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is mostly the result of circumstances which hinder the adequate supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart by disrupting the blood flow. There’s a network of arteries surrounding your heart. Over the years, because of factors including diseases, plaque build-up, or damage, these arteries get narrowed, making it difficult for blood to pass through in the required amount, thus leading to a lack of blood in the heart, followed by chest pains, shortness of breath, and other similar symptoms.

It can be challenging to diagnose Coronary Artery Disease because it develops over many years and begins depicting symptoms very slowly. In fact, in many cases, the patients come to know of their CAD diagnosis only after they’ve had a heart attack.

The most prominent cause of coronary artery disease is Atherosclerosis, say cardiology doctors in Abu Dhabi.

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The Harmful Effects Of Passive Smoking

If you smoke or have a family member who does, passive smoking and its effects on those who live with you must have crossed your mind at times. And it should!

The non-smokers who face tobacco smoke at work or home develop 25-30% higher chances of suffering from heart diseases. Passive smoking poses a major health concern and can turn fatal if the non-smoker in question is already sick and at high risk for heart diseases.

The Cardiology doctors in Dubai suggest keeping expecting mothers away from smokers. If a pregnant lady is exposed to cigarette smoke, the baby could have low birth weight and higher chances of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

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Smoking And Its Effect On The Heart And Blood Vessels

Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body, causes numerous ailments and impacts health in general. Worldwide, smoking causes 7 million deaths each year and is one of the leading preventable cause of death.

Research and studies have shown that smoking increases the risk:

  • for coronary heart disease and stroke by 2 to 4 times
  • of men developing lung cancer by 25 times
  • of women developing lung cancer by 25.7 times
  • of diminished overall health, increased absenteeism from work, and increased health care utilization and cost

Cardiologists at Aster Clinic, Dubai have reiterated enough for the healing effects of quitting smoking on the body. However, in order to quit smoking, one must understand the harmful effect of smoking on the body, particularly on the heart and blood vessels.

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