How to keep your Heart Healthy

It isn’t enough to just be aware of the risk factors for heart disease that you might possess. An active effort needs to be made in order to ensure that our hearts health is always a priority. Some ways in which we can maintain our heart health are:

  • Stop smoking: Tobacco smoking directly increases your blood pressure, thereby putting you at a greater risk for heart diseases and stroke. If you are a smoker already, speak to your doctor in ways in which you can completely kick the habit.

 

  • Manage your cholesterol: Make sure that your HDL (good cholesterol) levels are healthy, while your LDL (bad cholesterol) levels are kept low. LDL causes fat buildup in the body and can lead to the blocking of arteries, thereby resulting in a heart attack. If you see an increase in your LDL levels, take the necessary steps to bring the value down.

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Heart Day

Habits that are Harmful for your Heart

Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in the UAE a recent study suggests. A number of factors associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease, among these some are non-modifiable and most are modifiable, that means we can be able to manage within our daily routines of life.

Some of the harmful habits in our daily routine can damage our heart health. Mentioned below are some of the habits :

Sitting all day: A recent study by the American Heart Association compared people with an active lifestyle to those who are sitting more than 5 hours a day and concluded that the latter group has double the risk of heart disease. This inactivity could be related to an office job or watching TV. If your job requires sitting all day it is very important to get up and take a walk of 5 minutes to an hour, to promote blood flow in arteries and keep your arteries flexible and protect against the negative effects of being sedentary.

Stressing too much: Stress is associated with the release of adrenaline which causes an increase in the heart rate and blood pressure, causing damage to blood vessels of the heart leading to heart attack and stroke.
Following are the recommendation to minimize the harmful effects of stress:
1. Share your feeling by talking with a trusted friend or family member.
2. Make a routine of daily exercise to relieve the mental stress, 30 min walk of moderate intensity most day of the week is advised.
3. Plan your day, prioritizing your daily work will prevent rushing to get everything done.

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The Need for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

A normal coronary artery is responsible for transferring blood to the cardiac muscles. Damage or disease can lead to the deposition of plaque on its inner wall, which solidifies over time and obstructs the passage of blood. Hence, the heart muscle doesn’t get adequate blood. Coronary disease (i.e., blockage in coronary arteries) usually present with symptoms of Angina (chest pain) and breathlessness.

The line of treatment depends upon the percentage and the number of coronary arteries that are blocked. If the blockage is less than 70%, then medical management i.e., by medicine and lifestyle modification is advised. Non-surgical PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention i.e., coronary stent) is done when the blockage is more than 70% and present in one or two coronary arteries.

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The Management of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), where your arteries harden, blood flow is disrupted, and heart muscles weaken, is a concerning, potentially fatal disease. That’s why it doesn’t come as a surprise that doctors are regularly asked if it is possible to cure CAD. The answer you’ll get from most cardiologists in Dubai confirms that heart conditions can’t be cured per se, much like diabetes, or hypertension. They can, however, be managed and controlled.

CAD is a condition that can be effectively managed with the help of lifestyle changes and by minimizing risk factors. Dean Ornish, Founder, President, and MD, Preventive Medicine Research Institute, has written a book in which he elaborates on the patients with CAD who were in line for a heart transplant but who enrolled in the Ornish program and were able to reverse the damage to their heart to a great extent. What does that tell you? It’s evidence that the risk factors for coronary conditions are modifiable. For instance, you can control diabetes, keep your cholesterol under the threshold, and it’ll help prevent the heart condition from worsening.

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The Causes of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is mostly the result of circumstances which hinder the adequate supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart by disrupting the blood flow. There’s a network of arteries surrounding your heart. Over the years, because of factors including diseases, plaque build-up, or damage, these arteries get narrowed, making it difficult for blood to pass through in the required amount, thus leading to a lack of blood in the heart, followed by chest pains, shortness of breath, and other similar symptoms.

It can be challenging to diagnose Coronary Artery Disease because it develops over many years and begins depicting symptoms very slowly. In fact, in many cases, the patients come to know of their CAD diagnosis only after they’ve had a heart attack.

The most prominent cause of coronary artery disease is Atherosclerosis, say cardiology doctors in Abu Dhabi.

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