The Harmful Effects Of Passive Smoking

If you smoke or have a family member who does, passive smoking and its effects on those who live with you must have crossed your mind at times. And it should!

The non-smokers who face tobacco smoke at work or home develop 25-30% higher chances of suffering from heart diseases. Passive smoking poses a major health concern and can turn fatal if the non-smoker in question is already sick and at high risk for heart diseases.

The Cardiology doctors in Dubai suggest keeping expecting mothers away from smokers. If a pregnant lady is exposed to cigarette smoke, the baby could have low birth weight and higher chances of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

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Smoking And Its Effect On The Heart And Blood Vessels

Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body, causes numerous ailments and impacts health in general. Worldwide, smoking causes 7 million deaths each year and is one of the leading preventable cause of death.

Research and studies have shown that smoking increases the risk:

  • for coronary heart disease and stroke by 2 to 4 times
  • of men developing lung cancer by 25 times
  • of women developing lung cancer by 25.7 times
  • of diminished overall health, increased absenteeism from work, and increased health care utilization and cost

Cardiologists at Aster Clinic, Dubai have reiterated enough for the healing effects of quitting smoking on the body. However, in order to quit smoking, one must understand the harmful effect of smoking on the body, particularly on the heart and blood vessels.

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FAQ About Tuberculosis

  1. What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis, commonly known as TB is an infectious disease affecting the lungs. It is an airborne disease caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is classified into two; Latent TB & Active TB

In latent TB, the bacteria remain inactive in the body, causing no symptoms. In such cases, the condition is not contagious, although the bacteria can become active at a later stage.

Active TB is the commonly known form of TB in which the bacteria infect the lungs and begins to depict communicable symptoms.

TB mainly affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body including the brain and kidney.

 

  1. What are the symptoms of Tuberculosis?

The most commonly observed symptoms of Tuberculosis are;

  • A persistent cough
  • Constant fatigue
  • Coughing blood
  • Loss of appetite followed by weight loss
  • Fever
  • Pain in the chest
  • Night Sweats

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Kidney Diseases In Children

There are millions of people worldwide affected by kidney problems, and children are not immune to them. In fact, the early onset of kidney diseases in children makes them more prone to growth and developmental abnormalities. Although the widespread use of ultrasound scans in pregnancy has helped in identifying structural kidney problems, facilitating early intervention is still a work in progress.

Kidney diseases affecting children are commonly due to the congenital malformations of the urinary system. This could lead to children being born with smaller than normal kidneys or abnormally shaped kidneys as well. There could also be an issue with the urinary valves which lead to the obstruction of the urine flow and permanent damage to the kidneys. These may be a reason for recurrent childhood infections which may persist despite multiple antibiotic courses.

Nephrotic syndrome: This is one of the common childhood kidney problems. Here, the child presents with swelling all over the body due to low blood proteins which have leaked through the urine. If not detected and treated on time it could lead to complications like severe infections, early hypertension, and clotting of blood vessels.

Acute kidney failure:  In this condition, there is a drop in the urine volume along with retention of toxic waste products in the blood. In children, a common cause of acute kidney failure is acute glomerulonephritis. The child may complain of discoloration of urine along with body swelling and high blood pressure. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is another cause of acute kidney failure in children which can progress to dialysis.

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What Women Need To Know About Healthy Kidneys

The 8th of March, every year is recognized as World Kidney Day (WKD). The purpose of recognizing one such day is to create awareness among people about the importance of kidneys in the overall health and how to efficiently take care of the kidneys.

Every year, one global theme is focused on, allowing the community to focus on a specific issue pertaining to kidney conditions. The theme for WKD 2018 is Kidneys & Women’s Health: Include, Value, Empower. Women have certain risk factors that put them at the risk of developing kidney conditions that men do not.  The intention of focusing on kidney conditions in women is to bring their attention to the risk factors and inform women about ways to lower the risk of developing kidney conditions. Moreover, the commemoration of World Kidney and International Women’s Day on the same day is an additional opportunity to focus on women’s health and reflect the importance of kidney health specifically.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem with adverse outcomes of kidney failure and premature death. CKD affects approximately 195 million women worldwide and it is currently the 8th leading cause of death in women, with close to 600,000 deaths each year. Some studies state that women are more likely to develop CKD than men, with an average 14% prevalence in women and 12% in men.

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