Management of Hypertension During Ramadan

Hypertension, commonly known as high Blood Pressure, affects 1 in 3 people globally and is the cause of 9.4 million deaths annually worldwide. Hypertension is rather rampant among Emiratis and approximately 40.8% of Emirati adults between the ages of 35-70 years suffer from hypertension, as revealed by a study conducted by the Dubai Health Authority.1

BP is the pressure of the blood in the blood vessels and is recorded as two figures, the first being the systolic pressure which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts and the second number is the diastolic pressure which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart relaxes. An individual is said to have high blood pressure, if either of the two numbers, systolic/diastolic or both are higher than normal. (more…)

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Tips for fasting while Ramadan.

  • Eat Suhoor, just before the dawn
  • “Do not overeat during Iftar”.
  • Cut down caffeine and tobacco slowly starting a week or two before Ramadan.
  • Consume Slow-digesting foods like wheat, oats for suhoor so that the food lasts longer making you less hungry.
  • Fruits and mixed nuts may be eaten as a snack after dinner or before sleep.
  • Drink sufficient water between Iftar and sleep to avoid dehydration.
  • Do not forget to brush your teeth before sleep and after Suhoor.
  • Too much tea at suhoor should be avoided as tea makes you pass more urine
  • Do not binge during Ramadan as fasting intends to regulate the body mechanism.
  • Reduce salt during Ramadan as it increases the excretion of fluids from the body, causing thirst.
  • Excessive physical activity may lead to higher risk of hypoglycemia during fasting, so should be avoided.
  • Ramadan is a spiritual rather than just a physical journey for the betterment of society.”
  • Dates are an excellent source of fiber, sugar, magnesium, potassium, and slow digesting carbohydrate.
  • There are blessings in Suhoor….. Do not SKIP SUHOOR.
  • Eat a balanced meal that consists of complex carbohydrate, high fiber food, protein and healthy fats.
  • Avoid smoking cigarettes. If you cannot give up smoking, cut down gradually starting a few weeks before Ramadan
  • Eat Smart, Move more, be fit.
  • Slow down the pace of eating.
  • Don’t Eat Too Much of One Thing
  • Finish dining at least 2-3 hours before bedtime
  • Replace your usual drinks with one containing less caffeine.
  • Drop fatty foods; instead feast on salads, vegetables steamed with tofu, light grains, soups, and some yoghurt.
  • Always use fresh fruit and vegetable juices in a fast.
  • Soft drinks with artificial sweeteners can replace the sugar containing drinks for diabetics.

 

Ms. Lubna

Dietician

Aster Jubilee Medical Complex, Bur Dubai

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Ramadan Tips for Healthy Heart

Fasting during Ramadan can improve one’s health, but only if done in the proper manner. But if done incorrectly, it can cause more harm than good. This month, follow the below tips for a healthy Ramadan:-

1)  It is better to consult your doctor and reschedule your medicines to twice a day instead of being non-compliant with the drug.

2) Although the effects of fasting on stable patients with the cardiac disease are minimal, it is advisable to consult your treating physician once before the commencement of fasting.

3)  Try to adopt a low-salt and low-fat diet during Suhoor and Iftar

4)  Cardiac patients with diabetes should be careful with their diabetic medicine to avoid the risk of low sugar levels.

5)  Ramadan is an opportunity to start a heart healthy lifestyle

6)  The scientific data has proved that majority of patients with a stable cardiac disease can fast during Ramadan without any detrimental effect.

 

Dr. Sachin Upadhayaya

Specialist Cardiologist

Aster Jubilee Medical Complex, Bur Dubai

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