Kidney Diseases In Children

There are millions of people worldwide affected by kidney problems, and children are not immune to them. In fact, the early onset of kidney diseases in children makes them more prone to growth and developmental abnormalities. Although the widespread use of ultrasound scans in pregnancy has helped in identifying structural kidney problems, facilitating early intervention is still a work in progress.

Kidney diseases affecting children are commonly due to the congenital malformations of the urinary system. This could lead to children being born with smaller than normal kidneys or abnormally shaped kidneys as well. There could also be an issue with the urinary valves which lead to the obstruction of the urine flow and permanent damage to the kidneys. These may be a reason for recurrent childhood infections which may persist despite multiple antibiotic courses.

Nephrotic syndrome: This is one of the common childhood kidney problems. Here, the child presents with swelling all over the body due to low blood proteins which have leaked through the urine. If not detected and treated on time it could lead to complications like severe infections, early hypertension, and clotting of blood vessels.

Acute kidney failure:  In this condition, there is a drop in the urine volume along with retention of toxic waste products in the blood. In children, a common cause of acute kidney failure is acute glomerulonephritis. The child may complain of discoloration of urine along with body swelling and high blood pressure. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is another cause of acute kidney failure in children which can progress to dialysis.

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What Women Need To Know About Healthy Kidneys

The 8th of March, every year is recognized as World Kidney Day (WKD). The purpose of recognizing one such day is to create awareness among people about the importance of kidneys in the overall health and how to efficiently take care of the kidneys.

Every year, one global theme is focused on, allowing the community to focus on a specific issue pertaining to kidney conditions. The theme for WKD 2018 is Kidneys & Women’s Health: Include, Value, Empower. Women have certain risk factors that put them at the risk of developing kidney conditions that men do not.  The intention of focusing on kidney conditions in women is to bring their attention to the risk factors and inform women about ways to lower the risk of developing kidney conditions. Moreover, the commemoration of World Kidney and International Women’s Day on the same day is an additional opportunity to focus on women’s health and reflect the importance of kidney health specifically.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem with adverse outcomes of kidney failure and premature death. CKD affects approximately 195 million women worldwide and it is currently the 8th leading cause of death in women, with close to 600,000 deaths each year. Some studies state that women are more likely to develop CKD than men, with an average 14% prevalence in women and 12% in men.

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