Antibiotic Resistance

Our immune system normally fights disease causing bacteria. But sometimes, it is unable to work fast enough against the attack by certain bacteria. In such circumstances, it needs help by destroying the sickness causing bacteria directly, and antibiotics are used in such cases. There are different antibiotics which work differently against the bacterial activities. The antibiotics need to be chosen carefully based on the specific situation.

A more severe consequence of indiscriminate use of antibiotics is the development of antibiotic resistance. It is the ability of a bacteria to withstand the effects of an antibiotic. Resistant bacteria are more difficult to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses of antibiotics. There are many causes to the antibiotic resistance. The major ones are:

  • Heavy reliance on common broad-spectrum antibiotics to treat all forms of illness.
  • Over-prescription of antibiotic drugs
  • Prescribed dosage of antibiotic is insufficient.
  • Patient does not consume the antibiotics as prescribed. (Stopping the intake when feeling better, and not completing the prescribed course).
  • Consumption of meat and poultry where the animals are fed antibiotics.
  • Self-prescribed intake of antibiotics without right evaluation.

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The impact of excess texting

  1. What is the impact of excess texting given that most of us are tech savvy?

More than being tech-savvy, we have now become tech addicts. Everybody from a working adult to a school going child now has a smartphone and uses it constantly for various purposes like keeping an alarm or reminder, watching videos, listening to music and majorly texting. With increased usage of various texting apps, WhatsApp being the most popular now, most people communicate only through texts. From the time one wakes up until we get to bed, the one thing we have on us constantly and use without a break is our smartphone.

Calling people over the phone used to be the way of communication, although now, communication and keeping in touch is done through texts. Teenagers/children, in particular, are always engaged in their phones, texting their peers, irrespective of the time of the day. Students between the ages of 14-21 prefer to text than call. Addiction to these gadgets is only a small side effect, while there are more other severe consequences of texting continuously. Texting has various psychological, neurological and physical health consequences, it does a lot more to your body than you realize because the ill effects do not present any depictive symptoms.

Texting has its positives and negatives. As much as it helps keep people connected, it is often associated with feelings like anxiety, depression and the fear of being overexposed. Apart from this, excess texting brings with it numerous physical complaints including;

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Dr Bijumon Varkey

Tired All The Time?

Low energy and being tired is one of the most common reasons why people visit the Dr. Weakness, fatigue, lack of energy, there are many ways to describe the feeling when you do not feel like doing anything. In usual cases, you are ready to take on the world after a good break or a good night’s sleep but when otherwise, it is an indication that something is wrong. When fatigue occurs frequently and lasts for longer than normal, it is the sign of something serious.

Excess fatigue and tiredness is so common that it has its own acronym; CFS or chronic fatigue syndrome. Fatigue is a common symptom for various health conditions, which are sometimes extremely serious. Everybody feels tired at some point or the other, if we push ourselves too hard physically, emotionally or mentally. But do you feel that the energy has vanished from you? You no more feel the zest to get up and go. You wake up feeling tired like you haven’t slept at all. All this could probably mean that you suffer from CFS. (more…)

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Anemia

  • What would happen if anemia is not treated?

Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cells (RBC) or the hemoglobin levels decrease in the blood. The red blood cells contain hemoglobin which gives blood its red color. Hemoglobin carries oxygen in the blood to different parts of the body. In cases when the hemoglobin levels drop, there is an insufficiency of oxygen supply to the body which causes the lungs to work harder in pumping oxygen, hence causing symptoms like difficulty in breathing.

There is no definitive single cause for anemia, the condition may be caused due to various factors including viral infections, heavy loss of blood, deficiency of iron, deficiency in vitamin B12, chronic health conditions etc.

The symptoms of anemia vary depending on the cause of the condition. Since anemia is caused due to a lack of supply of sufficient oxygen to the body, the main symptoms that manifest are tiredness, weakness, and palpitations. Other common signs and symptoms of anemia are:

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Good Carbohydrates vs Bad Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are an important source of nutrition for us. They are one of the basic nutrients required to keep the body healthy and functioning, the others being proteins and fats. Carbohydrates are found in a variety of healthy and unhealthy food, causing it to become a topic of argumentative discussion.

The recent past has seen an increase in a lot of diets that require you to avoid or cut off carbohydrates completely from your diet. This is because of the presence of carbohydrates, better known as carbs, in foods you know are good for you like vegetables and in foods that you know aren’t healthy, like pastries. This has also led to the division of carbs into good carbs and bad carbs, however, they are generally categorized as bad for health as they cause weight gain.

The body needs sufficient amount of carbohydrates in order to function effectively and there is a certain amount of carbs that one should intake on a daily basis. However, this doesn’t mean one can load up on donuts, cakes, and cookies in order to fulfill their daily intake of carbs. An individual needs to know the difference between carbs that belong on your plate and the ones to avoid. Intake of carbohydrates is good and is necessary, although consuming the wrong carbs at the wrong time can work against your metabolism and come in the way of dropping pounds.

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