Cardiovascular disease, Warning signs and Risk Factors

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of chronic disease morbidity and mortality all over the world.  Around 17.7 million people worldwide succumb to cardiovascular diseases every year.*

Cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of premature death, includes heart attacks, strokes, and other circulatory related diseases. Particularly shocking is the increased rate in heart attacks among young people. According to many studies all over the world, people aged 50 and younger have almost twice the risk of premature death after a heart attack. This is mainly due to the fact that our society is one that is becoming increasingly sedentary, more young people are exercising less, eating more, taking more stress in view of busy life styles and competition at the work places, smoking, drinking alcohol at higher rates than other age groups and not taking care of themselves as they should, resulting in the increased risk for heart attack. (more…)

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How to keep your Heart Healthy

It isn’t enough to just be aware of the risk factors for heart disease that you might possess. An active effort needs to be made in order to ensure that our hearts health is always a priority. Some ways in which we can maintain our heart health are:

  • Stop smoking: Tobacco smoking directly increases your blood pressure, thereby putting you at a greater risk for heart diseases and stroke. If you are a smoker already, speak to your doctor in ways in which you can completely kick the habit.

 

  • Manage your cholesterol: Make sure that your HDL (good cholesterol) levels are healthy, while your LDL (bad cholesterol) levels are kept low. LDL causes fat buildup in the body and can lead to the blocking of arteries, thereby resulting in a heart attack. If you see an increase in your LDL levels, take the necessary steps to bring the value down.

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Heart Day

Habits that are Harmful for your Heart

Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in the UAE a recent study suggests. A number of factors associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease, among these some are non-modifiable and most are modifiable, that means we can be able to manage within our daily routines of life.

Some of the harmful habits in our daily routine can damage our heart health. Mentioned below are some of the habits :

Sitting all day: A recent study by the American Heart Association compared people with an active lifestyle to those who are sitting more than 5 hours a day and concluded that the latter group has double the risk of heart disease. This inactivity could be related to an office job or watching TV. If your job requires sitting all day it is very important to get up and take a walk of 5 minutes to an hour, to promote blood flow in arteries and keep your arteries flexible and protect against the negative effects of being sedentary.

Stressing too much: Stress is associated with the release of adrenaline which causes an increase in the heart rate and blood pressure, causing damage to blood vessels of the heart leading to heart attack and stroke.
Following are the recommendation to minimize the harmful effects of stress:
1. Share your feeling by talking with a trusted friend or family member.
2. Make a routine of daily exercise to relieve the mental stress, 30 min walk of moderate intensity most day of the week is advised.
3. Plan your day, prioritizing your daily work will prevent rushing to get everything done.

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Heart Attack

Why Do People Get Strokes?

If the blood that flows into your brain is interrupted, a stroke may occur. Stroke, also called brain attack, is the result of brains cells being deprived of oxygen and glucose, which is required for the survival of the cells.

Strokes are of two kinds- Ischemic and Hemorrhagic.

Ischemic stroke is a result of a clot in the blood vessels which could be formed anywhere in your body. These clots travel to the brain and block its blood supply. (more…)

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The effect of Ramadan on Cardiac Patients

Ramadan is an ideal platform to target year long lifestyle modification, to ensure that whatever health care benefits have been gained during this month, are perpetuated.

Patients with stable Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) can observe fasting during Ramadan without anticipating any major adverse cardiac events while those with unstable disease or recent/pending revascularization should largely refrain from fasting. Previous studies have shown that neither has there been an increase in the incidences of acute myocardial infarction nor has there been an increase in the number of patients hospitalized due to heart failure, during Ramadan.

A fairly small group of patients with cardiac conditions should be advised to refrain from fasting during Ramadan. These include patients with acute cardiac illnesses like Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Patients with uncontrolled HTN requiring multiple dosages during the daytime should be counseled against fasting. Patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF) requiring high doses of diuretics should also refrain from fasting.

Patients are encouraged to seek medical advice 1 or 2 months before Ramadan in order to adjust their medications if needed. Drugs given thrice daily can be usually changed to single sustained doses.

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