The Harmful Effects Of Passive Smoking

If you smoke or have a family member who does, passive smoking and its effects on those who live with you must have crossed your mind at times. And it should!

The non-smokers who face tobacco smoke at work or home develop 25-30% higher chances of suffering from heart diseases. Passive smoking poses a major health concern and can turn fatal if the non-smoker in question is already sick and at high risk for heart diseases.

The Cardiology doctors in Dubai suggest keeping expecting mothers away from smokers. If a pregnant lady is exposed to cigarette smoke, the baby could have low birth weight and higher chances of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

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Smoking And Its Effect On The Heart And Blood Vessels

Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body, causes numerous ailments and impacts health in general. Worldwide, smoking causes 7 million deaths each year and is one of the leading preventable cause of death.

Research and studies have shown that smoking increases the risk:

  • for coronary heart disease and stroke by 2 to 4 times
  • of men developing lung cancer by 25 times
  • of women developing lung cancer by 25.7 times
  • of diminished overall health, increased absenteeism from work, and increased health care utilization and cost

Cardiologists at Aster Clinic, Dubai have reiterated enough for the healing effects of quitting smoking on the body. However, in order to quit smoking, one must understand the harmful effect of smoking on the body, particularly on the heart and blood vessels.

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At the Heart of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that can lead to complications over time. These complications can include:

  • Coronary heart diseases  or Cardiovascular disease which can lead to a heart attack
  • Cerebrovascular diseases which can lead to a stroke
  • Retinoplasty (disease of the eye) which can lead to blindness
  • Nephropathy (disease of the kidney) which can lead to kidney failure and the need for dialysis
  • Neuropathy (disease of the nerves) which can lead to, among other things, ulceration of the foot requiring amputation.

Many of these complications produce no symptoms in the early stages, and most can be prevented or minimized with a combination of regular medical care and blood sugar monitoring.

Heart diseases, particularly coronary heart diseases (CHD) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus. At least 68% of people aged 65 or older with diabetes die from some form of heart disease and 16% of people die of stroke. Compared to individuals without diabetes, those with diabetes have a higher prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), a greater extent of coronary ischemia, and are more likely to have a Heart Attack (MI) and silent heart attack.

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World Heart Day with Dr. Sachin Upadhyaya

World Heart Day is celebrated on the 29th September every year. The heart is one of the most important organs of the body because this is the organ which stays with from womb to tomb. Even lungs start to function after birth whereas heart is there since very early on in life. But the heart is under threat all the time because of our own lifestyle. The global burden of diseases is huge. Every 3rd person in the world and every 2nd person in Indian subcontinent dies due to heart diseases.

Watch what Dr. Sachin Upadhyaya, Specialist Cardiologist at Aster Clinic, Bur Dubai had to speak on this World Heart Day

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Hyperlipidemia and the risk of cardiovascular disease

Hyperlipidemia is one of the major preventable cardiovascular risk factors and refers to increased levels of lipids (fats), such as cholesterol and triglycerides, in the blood.

Although hyperlipidemia does not cause symptoms, it can significantly increase your risk of developing cardiovascular disease, including diseases of blood vessels supplying the heart (coronary artery disease), brain (cerebrovascular disease), and limbs (peripheral vascular disease). These conditions can, in turn, lead to chest pain, heart attacks, strokes, and other problems. Because of these risks, treatment is often recommended for people with hyperlipidemia.

 

OTHER RISK FACTORS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

In addition to hyperlipidemia, there are a number of other factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and its complications:

  • Diabetes mellitus, type 1 and 2
  • Hypertension (people with hypertension include those with a blood pressure at or above 140/90 and those who use blood pressure medication
  • Kidney disease
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Family history of coronary disease at a young age in a parent or sibling (young, in this case, means younger than 55 years for men and younger than 65 years for women)
  • Gender: Men have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than women at every age
  • Age: There is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease with increasing age

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