Not everyone is aware of the primary function of the pancreas, but what this often overlooked organ does is produce one of the most important hormones needed for the well-being of our body: Insulin.
The insulin hormone produced by the pancreas helps in maintaining normal blood glucose level. Glucose is produced by the body after the consumption of carbohydrates, and the presence of insulin allows the body to store this glucose or use it as energy. Insulin is the main hormone that keeps a perfect balance of glucose in your body, because without it your glucose levels will be high.
Glucose or sugar is the substance that provides our cells, and subsequently our body, with energy. However, our cells cannot directly absorb sugar directly. This is where the role of insulin comes into play. After every meal, there is a rise in the body’s blood sugar level and this spike is what signals the pancreas to release insulin. The insulin helps the individual cells in absorbing the glucose, and using it for energy. Due to a change in our activities or the amount and type of food we consume there are those times when the sugar levels in our bodies are high, and other times when the sugar levels are low. In both these cases, it is insulin that helps bringing about a balance in our body’s sugar levels. Whenever there is an excess of glucose in the body, the insulin helps in storing the excess sugar in the liver in order to be used when the body’s sugar levels fall. (more…)