The most common symptoms of indigestion (dyspepsia)

Indigestion or dyspepsia-is a general feeling of discomfort in your upper abdomen. It may be an unpleasant or even painful sensation in the top of the abdomen or lower part of the chest, which usually comes after eating or drinking. Indigestion is a symptom but not a disease as such.

Symptoms

People with indigestion may have one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal burn
  • Bloating/feeling of distension in the upper abdomen.
  • Nausea.
  • Early fullness while eating.
  • Feeling uncomfortable after eating

When to see a doctor

Consult your doctor if discomfort persists for more than two weeks. Contact your doctor right away if pain is severe or there is

  • Reduced appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Recurrent vomiting or vomiting with blood
  • Black, tar-like stool
  • Difficulty in  swallowing
  • Fatigue or weakness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Vijay Anand

Specialist Gastroenterologist

Aster Clinic, Al Qusais (Damascus St.)

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At the Heart of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that can lead to complications over time. These complications can include:

  • Coronary heart diseases  or Cardiovascular disease which can lead to a heart attack
  • Cerebrovascular diseases which can lead to a stroke
  • Retinoplasty (disease of the eye) which can lead to blindness
  • Nephropathy (disease of the kidney) which can lead to kidney failure and the need for dialysis
  • Neuropathy (disease of the nerves) which can lead to, among other things, ulceration of the foot requiring amputation.

Many of these complications produce no symptoms in the early stages, and most can be prevented or minimized with a combination of regular medical care and blood sugar monitoring.

Heart diseases, particularly coronary heart diseases (CHD) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus. At least 68% of people aged 65 or older with diabetes die from some form of heart disease and 16% of people die of stroke. Compared to individuals without diabetes, those with diabetes have a higher prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), a greater extent of coronary ischemia, and are more likely to have a Heart Attack (MI) and silent heart attack.

(more…)

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Diabetes effects in UAE

The effect of Diabetes in the UAE

November is designated as the official Diabetes Awareness Month, and Specialist Physician Dr. George Cherian sat down with the reporters of Friday Magazine to give his insights on the condition and the effects of Diabetes in the UAE. Here are the excerpts from the published interview.

Diabetes in 2017;  how is it affecting people here in the UAE, any statistics/numbers that you can share? 

The International Diabetes Federation states that 415 million people globally have diabetes. As per research conducted by the International Diabetes Federation, 19.3% of the population in UAE are living with Diabetes.

Diabetes is extremely common these days. Earlier it was seen in people above the age of 50. These days there are innumerable cases of youngsters who have diabetes. There are two common types of diabetes, namely Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is much more common than Type 1 and typically develops in adults, although now children as young as 13 years of age develop the condition. The increase in type 2 diabetes appears to be driven by genetics and unhealthy lifestyle conditions. Genetic factors are out of individual control, however, lifestyle factors like healthy dietary practices and maintaining a healthy weight are factors that can be controlled and managed at an individual level.

(more…)

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Facts about Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) encompasses a vast array of psychological symptoms such as depression, anxiety, irritability, loss of confidence and mood swings. There are also physical symptoms, typically bloatedness and breast pain. It is the timing, rather than the types of symptoms, and the degree of impact on a woman’s daily activity that supports a diagnosis of PMS.

Four in ten women (40%) experience symptoms of PMS and of these 5% – 8% suffer from severe PMS. Although the cause remains uncertain, it is assumed that some women are ‘sensitive’ to progesterone and progestogens. The second theory implicates the neurotransmitters serotonin and c-aminobutyric acid (GABA), in causing PMS symptoms. Reducing salt, caffeine, and stress along with increasing exercise is typically all that is recommended in those with mild symptoms. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation may be useful in some. Anti-inflammatory drugs may help with physical symptoms.  In those with more severe symptoms, birth control pills may be useful.

(more…)

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Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that can lead to complications over time. These complications can include:

  • Coronary heart diseases, which can lead to a heart attack
  • Cerebrovascular diseases which can lead to a stroke
  • Retinoplasty (disease of the eye) which can lead to blindness
  • Nephropathy (disease of the kidney) which can lead to kidney failure and the need for dialysis
  • Neuropathy (disease of the nerves) which can lead to, among other things, ulceration of the foot requiring amputation.

Many of these complications produce no symptoms in the early stages, and most can be prevented or minimized with a combination of regular medical care and blood sugar monitoring. (more…)

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